Divide by the rated full load current from the motor nameplate. This will be the load factor for the motor. If the motor current is 22A and the rated full load current is 20A, then the load factor is 22/20 = 1.1. This means the motor is overloaded by 10%.
How does a motor get overloaded?
Motor overload occurs when a motor is under excessive load. The primary symptoms that accompany a motor overload are excessive current draw, insufficient torque and overheating. Excessive motor heat is a major cause of motor failure.
What must be done before a motor overload can be reset?
the overload relay cannot be reset until the overload heater has cooled. The overload relay is reset by first turning the starter all the way off and then turning it back on. Overload relays will not trip due high over currents that last only a short amount of time.
Why would a motor overload trip?
Causes may include a large change in load (e.g., a scrap grinder is fed too much at a time), misalignment, a broken drive gear, or improper motor drive settings. Power problems (e.g., low voltage or low power factor) also may cause an overload condition.
Is the most common cause of motor failure?
Winding insulation breakdown and bearing wear are the two most common causes of motor failure, but those conditions arise for many different reasons.
Do all motors need overload protection?
EVERY motor needs overload protection of some type. Some small motors are impedance protected by design. Some motors can be overload protected by breakers or fuses.
What is the full load current of a motor?
The full-load amperes (FLA) is the current the motor draws while producing its rated horsepower load at its rated voltage. NEC Tables. The full-load current (FLC) is the current value listed in Tables 450.247 through 450.250.