The fundamental operation of an AC Motor depends on the principle of magnetism. The simple AC Motor contains a coil of wire and two fixed magnets surrounding a shaft. When an electric (AC) charge applies to the coil of wire, it becomes an electromagnet. This electromagnet generates a magnetic field.
What is the principle of a motor?
The electric motor works on the principle of magnetic effects of current. Its principle is when a rectangular coil is placed in a magnetic field and current is passed through it, the coil rotates as a result of the forces acting on the coil.
What are AC motors used for?
AC motors are viable power sources for a range of applications due to their flexibility, efficiency and quiet operation. General uses for AC motors include pumps, water heaters, lawn and garden equipment, ovens, and off-road motorized equipment.
Why do AC motors need brushes?
The field induces a current flow into the shorted armature whose magnetic field opposes that of the field coils. Speed can be controlled by rotating the brushes with respect to the field axis. This motor has superior commutation below synchronous speed, inferior commutation above synchronous speed.
Which motor is used in AC compressor?
There are two common splitphase motors that are used in HVAC applications, the capacitor-start-induction-run motor and the resistance-start-induction-run electric motor. Capacitor start motors make use of a start capacitor to boost its starting torque.