The Institute conducts four 5 mph crash tests to assess bumper performance: front-into-flat-barrier, rear-into-flat-barrier, front-into-angle-barrier, and rear-into-pole. These low-speed tests reflect the range of impacts that frequently occur in commuter traffic and parking lots.
What standards do bumpers have to meet?
The standard requires protection in the region 16 to 20 inches above the road surface and the manufacturer can provide the protection by any means it wants. For example, some vehicles do not have a solid bumper across the vehicle, but meet the standard by strategically placed bumper guards and corner guards.
What is RCAR test?
Towards this end RCAR implemented two 15 km/h, 40% overlap crash tests in order to encourage vehicle designers to limit unnecessary damage to the structure of passenger vehicles in low speed front and rear crashes. … Other vehicles may be similarly treated if required by the manufacturer or the test facility.
How can you tell if you have a bumper?
3 Ways to Identify Plastic
- Look at the color of the raw plastic. If it’s black or gray, generally it’s a thermoplastic. …
- Look for the ID mark on the back of the bumper cover (pictured above). There should be a 2-3 letter ID that you can look up. …
- Lightly grind the plastic to see if it smears or powders.
How much do bumpers cost to fix?
Bumper Replacement Costs
According to Cost Helper, a new bumper for a passenger car can cost anywhere between $100 and $1,000. Installation and painting the new bumper can cost between $200 and $600. Bumpers for pickup trucks, SUVs and luxury vehicles will have higher costs.
What is a 5 mph bumper?
9. What is a 5 mph bumper? Five miles per hour is a benchmark, an impact speed at which bumpers could easily — but generally don’t — prevent all but very minor cosmetic damage in barrier tests.
What speed is an RCAR bumper stability test carried out at?
The most important test procedures are tests at speeds up to 9.3 mph (15 km/h), as performed by the insurance industry (e.g., testing of RCAR and the American Institute IIHS).
What is the required speed for front end impact testing?
208 test, vehicles subjected to an NCAP test are towed head-on into a fixed, rigid barrier. However, for frontal NCAP, the vehicles are tested at a speed of 35 mph (56 km/h). This is 5 mph (8 km/h) greater than the speed for the belted test under the FMVSS No. 208 standard.
What plastic are car bumpers made of?
Car manufacturers use a variety of plastics to make bumpers. The most common include polycarbonates, polypropylene, polyamides, polyesters, polyurethanes, and thermoplastic olefins or TPOs; many bumpers contain a combination of these different materials.
Is my bumper plastic or metal?
Most OEM bumpers are made out of plastic and feature an aluminum or steel reinforcement bar hidden in the middle. Some bumpers may also contain polypropylene in order to help absorb energy during an impact.
Are Mazda bumpers plastic?
Mazda has developed a world-first recycling technology which enhances the process it uses to recycle used bumpers from vehicles, whose useful life has ended, into raw plastic resin for use in new vehicle bumpers. The recycled materials first started being used in 2011, in the rear bumper of the Mazda’s Biante minivan.
Which type of bumper is the minimum required by law across the country?
The minimum bumper height is 4.5 inches in vertical height. Maximum bumper heights are 22 inches for passenger vehicles, 26 inches for 4,500 lbs. and under GVWR, 29 inches for 4,501 lbs. to 7,500 lbs. GVWR, and 31 inches for 7,501 lbs. to 10,000 lbs.