IN1 pin of the L298 IC is connected to pin 8 of the Arduino while IN2 is connected to pin 9. These two digital pins of Arduino control the direction of the motor. The EN A pin of IC is connected to the PWM pin 2 of Arduino. This will control the speed of the motor.
How does Arduino control motor speed with PWM?
DC Motor control using PWM Signals – Arduino
- Introduction. The DC motor speed in general is directly proportional to the supply voltage, so if reduce the voltage from 9 volts to 4.5 volts then our speed become half of what it originally had. …
- 1.2 Hardware required. …
- 1.3 Motor Driver L293D IC Pin Out. …
- Programming: …
How do potentiometers control motor speed?
The potentiometer is used to vary the duty cycle of the PWM via the Arduino’s Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) . So, it directly controls the speed.
How do you slow down an Arduino DC motor?
If you push the pedal down, you accelerate to full speed. If you tap the gas pedal, the engine accelerates and then slows down. If you tap it at a constant rate before it slows, you will maintain some of the momentum of the spinning motor and achieve an average (if somewhat jerky) speed.
How does l293d control motor speed?
To control the speed of the motor :
- The speed is set by using an analogWrite to the enable pin.
- Speed of the motor can be changed by changing the value in “analogWrite”, The motor spins at a maximum speed if the value in analogWrite is set as 255.
How do you make a motor spin slower?
Most DC motors can be slowed down by reducing the supply level of power, Volts, lower volts and resulting less amps, will create less electrical field and will slow motor down. For more gradual speed control there are electronic solutions that are called PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) controllers or Mosfet H bridges.