How do I know if my motor is single phase?
With a multimeter, measure the resistance between motor frame (body) and earth. A good motor should read less than 0.5 ohms. Any value greater 0.5 ohms indicate trouble with the motor. For single phase motors, the expected voltage is about 230V or 208V depending whether you are using the UK or America voltage system.
How do you test start and run windings?
The way to determine which is which, is to measure the resistance of the winding. Use your multimeter and set it to the ohm scale. Now measure the resistance of each winding and write it down. The highest reading you obtained is the starting winding and the lower reading is the running winding.