When you feed in DC, the electromagnet works like a conventional permanent magnet and produces a magnetic field that’s always pointing in the same direction. The commutator reverses the coil current every time the coil flips over, just like in a simple DC motor, so the coil always spins in the same direction.
What causes an electromagnet to spin in a motor?
Make a simple mini-motor. A coil of wire becomes an electromagnet when current passes through it. The electromagnet interacts with a permanent magnet, causing the coil to spin.
How can a motor spin fast?
One easy way to make the motor run faster is to add another magnet. Hold a magnet over the top of the motor while it is running. As you move the magnet closer to the spinning coil, one of two things will happen. Either the motor will stop, or it will run faster.
What is a rotating electromagnet called?
The permanent magnets are on the outside, and they stay fixed in place. The electromagnets are in the rotor, and they turn. The rotating part of the motor, including the electromagnets, is called the armature.
Does Flat Iron uses an electric motor?
Flat irons are constructed with heating elements that become hot when the flat iron is plugged into an electrical source and the power switched on. Some flat irons are battery powered, in which case they heat up simply by being switched on.
What do brushes do in an electric motor?
The function of the brushes is to conduct electricity to the individual segments as they rotate from brush to brush. This allows the motor to turn in one direction at a speed determined by the number of windings in the armature.
What is Fleming’s left hand rule?
The direction of the force can be found using Fleming’s left-hand rule. Hold your thumb, forefinger and second finger at right angles to each other: the forefinger is lined up with magnetic field lines pointing from north to south. the second finger is lined up with the current pointing from positive to negative.